Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Mer 13 Mar - 15:32

Sous le titre Les Six jours de Sergio Leone, fin août 1973, Paris-Match a raconté la semaine qui va du tournage à La Nouvelle Orléans (USA) en Espagne, pour Mon Nom est Personne.



Paris Match, N° 1268 du 25 août 1973.




J'avais dû le lire à l'époque et l'ai retrouvé Wink L'article sort fin août 1973, mais narre des événements de début juillet 1973, au moment où le film quitte les USA et arrive sur les lieux espagnols.

Leone donne des indications très précises sur la fabrique du film, ce sur quoi il travaillait à l'époque, Tonino Valerii, quelques lieux de tournage, dont des informations sur le village indien d' Acoma, mais situé dans cette chronique au Mississippi (sic), information erronée reprise dans le dossier de presse Jacques Leitienne qui s'est manifestement servi de cet article pour sa propre publication. (Acoma est au Nouveau-Mexique, il semble même que des repérages avec Terence Hill aient été faits en mars 1973 dans cet état de l'Union, selon des sources presse italienne, mars 1973).

Gire cite le dossier Jacques Leitienne/Rafran dans l'analyse qu'il fait du film, mais en fait lui emprunte aussi beaucoup de son résumé du récit (Il était une fois le Western Européen, 2002), avant de revenir au film lui-même, l'argument narratif donné par le document Leitienne relevant d'une sorte de note d'intention ou de de premier traitement, loin de ce qui est montré dans le film (il ne me semble pas que cela figure aussi dans le scénario de Gastaldi), ce que son rédacteur anonyme (Shula Siegfried *?) souligne.


* Shula Siegfried fut aussi avec J.C. Missiaen l'attachée de presse de Il était une fois la Révolution et avec Rui Nogueria attachée de presse de Un Génie deux associés une cloche, décédée en 2005.

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Mer 13 Mar - 19:40

Lundi :
"On me prie, toute affaire cessante, de me rendre à la Nouvelle -Orléans où l'équipe du film que je produis -"Mon Nom est Personne"- a des ennuis avec le tout-puissant syndicat américain du spectacle. Je bondis dans le jet [ depuis Rome] , via Los Angeles. Courte escale et nuit à New-Orléans."

Mardi :
"Le problème syndical réglé, nouvel avion : direction Roma-Fiumicino. Quand j'enrage dans le ciel, je pense à la terre. A "Mon Nom est Personne"." [Leone développe sur le film et précise comment à Acoma, la scène de l'enterrement a dû être remplacée par une prière collective, les Indiens Acoma croyant qu'une fausse sépulture entraînerait la mort du doyen de la tribu (fait également rapporté par le dossier de presse Jacques Leitienne, décembre 1973).


Mercredi :
"Je déjeune sur le pouce avec Ennio Morricone , mon vieux copain de lycée, qui écrit la musique de tous mes films. Quatre heures durant nous enregistrons la bande originale de "Mon Nom est Personne", que j'emporterai en Espagne vendredi." (Leone explique qu'il va tourner les extérieurs avec la musique du film, deux thèmes , l'un pour Fonda, l'autre pour Hill et développe sur l'importance d' entendre la musique du film au moment du tournage en extérieur).


Jeudi :
(Rencontre à Paris avec André Genovès, pour "Il était une fois l'Amérique", sur lequel Leone donne des détails nombreux, et la construction d'ensemble, un peu plus d'une colonne entière de Paris-Match. Leone s' envole pour Madrid.)


Vendredi :
"Toujours le réacteur. Aujourd'hui pour Grenade. Puis la voiture de Grenade à Guadix : soixante-dix bornes [...]. Guadix, c'est mon pays de cinéma, ma Leone City, mon Hollywood, ma ville. Il y a cinq ans , pour tourner "Il était une fois dans l'Ouest", j'ai fait surgir ce village western d'un plateau désertique. Depuis on a voulu me l'acheter six fois et me le louer quatorze. Mais vend-on son village, loue-t-on son enfant ?
[Leone dit retrouver ses enfants là bas et développe sur eux.] La Rafran ne va pas bien, car "Mon Nom est Personne" se porte mal. Henry Fonda, en vacances, part pour Taormina. Tonino Valeri, mon metteur en scène, est souffrant [en fait une maladie diplomatique, pour les assurances, si l'on croit le commentaire de l'intéressé, Valerii, sur le DVD Mon Nom est Personne, StudioCanal, 2005]. Le scénario de "Mon Nom est Personne" dormait depuis six ans dans mes tiroirs. Je l'ai confié à Tonino, mon assistant dans "Pour quelques Dollars de plus", parce que, depuis, il a réalisé quatre westerns, tout seul, comme un grand. Et pas des spaghetti. Il est mon disciple préféré."

Samedi :
Leone conclut citant un sondage sur ses films, repris dans le dossier de presse Leitienne, et parle des kilomètres parcourus en avion "record d'amour pour cette magie sur pellicule qui a pour nom western".


Sergio Leone, Les Six jours de Sergio Leone, "Les parisiens en vacances", Paris-Match, -extraits-, N° 1268, 25 août 1973. Les événements rapportés doivent se situer avant le 14 juillet 1973, entre le tournage aux USA et celui en Espagne (2° semaine de juillet 1973 ?). Quand sort ce numéro de Paris-Match, le tournage du film s'achève à Rome. John Ford meurt le 31 août 1973. Fonda est encore engagé sur Mon Nom est Personne, à Rome.



JO, Laredo (Santander), août 1973 Wink .


JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Mer 13 Mar - 20:36

Sur les personnages de Nevada Kid et Sullivan:

J.F. Gire reprend, mot à mot parfois, ce qu'écrit le dossier de presse Jacques Leitienne, décembre 1973. C'est ce qui rend son résumé de Mon nom est Personne un peu obscur pour le spectateur qui connaît seulement le film. (Il était une fois le western européen, Dreamland, 2002)

En fait, comme le dit le dossier de presse, Nevada Kid s'appelle en réalité William Beauregard (répété par Gire).

Je cite des extraits du dossier de presse Leitienne :

"Sullivan avait été un aventurier sans scrupules, tueur à gages, chercheur d'or et voleur. Ayant appris par un métis appelé Red l'existence d'un fabuleux trésor maya composé d'émeraudes d'inestimable valeur, il fit tout pour l'avoir et ceci grâce à un copain d'aventure, Nevada Kid.

Quand il eut le trésor, Sullivan tua Nevada Kid . Pour masquer l'homicide, le métis planta dans la tête du jeune gangster mourant une dizaine de flèches indiennes. Malgré tout, notre homme ne se sent pas tranquille car il a appris le secret de Nevada Kid. Dont le véritable nom était William Beauregard, frère de Jack Beauregard le "plus grand pistolero de l'Ouest".

[Présentation du personnage de Personne, insistant sur sa proximité avec les Indiens]

"Personne" connaît aussi un secret. Quelques jours auparavant , il a trouvé sur sa route un bandit mourant transpercé par des flèches. Il l'a secouru et porté dans un couvent. Durant le trajet, le mourant lui a révélé le secret du trésor maya ainsi que son vrai nom."

Volià qui explique un certain nombre de faits elliptiques du film et les enchaînements providentiels qui en découlent. Le résumé du dossier de presse Leitienne ouvre sur une sorte de note d'intention situant clairement le film (1895) "c'est la fin de la grande époque de l'Ouest" et les changement économiques du pays et de son banditisme, développe sur le contexte historique, la bande du "Trou noir" (la Horde Sauvage) et le personnage de Sullivan (la mine truquée, ici que l'on retrouve longuement décrite dans le scénario du film publié par Gastaldi). Il est aussi précisé , comme le dit Valerii dans son commentaire sur le DVD StudioCanal, que Jack Beauregard quitte "les Etats-Unis pour vivre tranquillement en France, terre d'origine de sa famille."

Je ne sais par d'où vient exactement ce traitement de l'intrigue, et particulièrement la description de ses dessous, le trésor maya et sa découverte, la rencontre de Personne et de Nevada Kid, dont l'auteur du texte écrit textuellement que "ce fait ne sera peut-être pas apparent directement dans le film". L'idée des fausses attaques indiennes et de la preuve par les flèches se retrouve dans Un génie deux associés une cloche, concrétisé cette fois dans la séquence d'ouverture.

Sources :
Dossier de presse de Mon Nom est Personne, Jacques Leitienne/Rafran, Paris, 1973.
J.F. Giré, "Mon Nom est Personne", Il était une fois le Western européen, Dreamland, 2002.


JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Edocle le Ven 15 Mar - 17:34

Amusant... voir ICI Wink
et amusez-vous avec les autres films...


Dernière édition par Edocle le Ven 15 Mar - 18:27, édité 1 fois

_________________

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Ven 15 Mar - 18:15



Philip Varney, New Mexico's Best Ghost Towns, (1981), réed. 1987. Le livre invite à un voyage photographique dans les Ghost Towns de l'Etat.

La couverture est la Little Fannie Mine de Mogollon (Nouveau-Mexique) utilisée par le film Mon Nom est Personne. On y reconnaît bien la tour et le panorama des sierras.

Au chapitre "Mogollon", l'auteur produit une photographie du General Store construit pour le film, sans lui attribuer explicitement, mais en y remarquant une construction hollywoodienne.

Le commentaire sur la mine ne cite pas l'utilisation des lieux faites par Tonino Valerii.

Le tournage du film à Mogollon :

http://www.terencehill.com/


Dernière édition par JO le Ven 15 Mar - 20:27, édité 1 fois

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Ven 15 Mar - 18:33



La double page photographique consacrée à Cabezon, toujours au Nouveau-Mexique, où se passe la séquence d'ouverture avec Fonda chez le barbier.

En haut, à gauche : l'Hotel construit spécialement par l'équipe de Gianni Polidori pour le film, et que Varney dessine aussi sur une autre page. L' Hotel jouxte le Richard Heller Store.
En bas, à gauche : l'église.

En haut, à droite : la boutique du barbier montrée dans Mon nom est Personne, authentique ruine d'adobe auquel l'équipe de décoration a ajouté l'auvent de bois (précisions données par Varney).
En bas, à droite : une maison d'adobe et au fond, le pic Cabezon.

Cabezon est la ville la plus spectaculaire du Nouveau-Mexique, parmi celles que j'ai pu voir (complètement isolée, à des kilomètres de la Highway qui conduit à Albuquerque, longue piste de sable dans le désert pour y accéder), mais de loin, car l'accès était rigoureusement interdit par des barbelés ( voyage d' août 1990, toutes photos prises au télé objectif perdues...) et mentionnée comme impossible à visiter, à cause du vandalisme passé (difficulté d'accès racontée par Valerii et Varney ).

Sources :
Philip Varney, New Mexico Best Ghost Towns, (1981), réed. 1987, University of New Mexico Press.

Un livre excellent. Peter Fonda avait déjà utilisé Cabezon pour The Hired Man, un ou deux ans auparavant (mais sans constructions additionnelles).

(Le livre de Roberto Curti, Tonino Valerii , 2008, reproduit des photographies de Fonda et Valerii à Cabezon, dont une avec les rails du travalling dans la rue (unique) de la Ghost Town.







JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Sam 16 Mar - 18:17



Le générique allemand tel que publié par la Tobis, distributrice du film en RFA, dossier de presse et publicitaire original , Tobis, 1973.

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 24 Mar - 20:24



Biggun (Remus Peets) et Rex (Alexander Allerson) : participation allemande au film.

Ce sont eux qui ont vidé Dirty Joe du Saloon :




Remus Peets, dans La quatrième dimension ; Alexander Allerson dans Piu forte Ragazzi !







JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 24 Mar - 23:24



Si Alexander Allerson est un acteur dont l'identification ne pose pas problème, (on le voit aussi chez Visconti et Fassbinder), pour Remus Peets, pas de doute, c'est bien lui aussi avec la barbe... Wink





Remus Peets, Terence Hill, Alexander Allerson, Saloon de Poblado Leone, août 1973.




JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 14 Avr - 10:18



Cette photographie -cf. plus haut- vient d'ici :



Intégrale Jijé, Tome 5, Editions Dupuis. Le texte d' accompagnement précise que Gillain et Leone se sont rencontrés au Nouveau-Mexique, ce qui est faux, puisque Leone n'était présent qu'à la Nouvelle-Orléans. Il appartiendrait à la famille Gillain de produire un jour les photos montrant le génial dessinateur à Acoma (Nouveau-Mexique), son carnet de croquis à la main, photographies exposées à Angoulême, vers 1976, et les autres -je pense celle-ci faite soit à La Nouvelle Orléans, soit (mais plus probablement) à Poblado Leone, Espagne, fin juillet ou août 1973.

Ce volume publie aussi une belle page complète de l'adaptation, reproduite d'après l'original et une copie de la couverture de Spirou, hommage à Gillain :




(Sources: Intégrale Jijé Volume 5 et amazon.fr pour les reproductions de couvertures).


JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 14 Avr - 10:28



Une belle locandina signée Renato Casaro que l'on trouve encore facilement sur ebay...

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Ven 26 Avr - 22:46


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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 28 Avr - 19:21

Je copie-colle l'excellente interview avec Tonino Valerii, 2003, publiée par l'excellent site défunt, terencehill.it, mais que l'on trouve encore à l'arraché sur Google (avec les images).

http://www.terencehill.it/int_tonval_en.html

Pisa, December 10, 2003
INTERVIEW WITH TONINO VALERII

We wish to thank the director Tonino Valerii for the time he gave us and his kindness, without which this interview would not have been possible.

Federica: Good-evening. I'm so happy to meet you because my favourite film of all time is My Name is Nobody. I'm a fan of Terence Hill's, not a journalist, but I manage his official website Let's talk about the film. Where was it filmed?

Tonino: We scouted out many locations. I travelled around a lot, up and down America, to find the right locations...

Federica: I heard the film was made in Santa Fè (New Mexico, USA, editor).

Tonino: No. We went to Santa Fè and checked it out, but it's a modern town, and the old, if it's there at all, is mixed in with the new.

Federica: I've heard that a lot of care went into the making of the film.

Tonino: Yes. A lot of care went into the making of the film, and a lot of money.

Federica: Could you tell me something about Terence Hill?

Tonino: He's a wonderful actor, and anything good thing you can say about someone, you can say about him, because he's really a wonderful man. Terence was a star, he still is a star, but back then he was already a star, suddenly he had become a star on the same level as Clint Eastwood. If we take a look at the numbers, Terence's films earned more than Clint's. My Name is Nobody is the Italian western that has earned more than any other.
I remember that when he arrived on the set in the morning, he seemed to float four meters above ground, and we were all tense, but he was calm. Later I learned that every morning, before arriving on the set, he did two hours of yoga!

Federica: I have a few specifics to ask you. The film has a serious storyline, consistently, but, I think, there are some scenes that stand apart from the rest of the film. One is when he appears to dry his hand, and then he pulls his thumb out of his fist and a match lights. It seemed strange to me, odd anyway...

Tonino: Why?

Federica: Because I didn't understand what it meant...

Tonino: Let's see if I can explain it. He was trying to catch a fish, so he put an insect on the water and stood ready with a stick. The boat arrives, Henry Fonda gets off with his horse and then stops to watch him, with an expression of disdain, with a small smile as if to say "look at this guy and what he's doing". After he gets the fish, Jack comes before him, and Nobody sees him and goes (mimes the gesture described above, editor), but this gesture means something precise, "will you give me a lift? I don't have a horse! I have a saddle, but I don't have a horse, so give me a lift". Actually, first he sees him moving his thumb to dry it, then he looks at the saddle and when he looks back the thumb takes on the hitch-hiking gesture. Even if the audience didn't quite get it, we had hoped they would, so I'm sorry that we didn't succeed. Then he goes (mimes the gesture, editor) and it lights up!

Federica: Did he have a lighter in his hand?

Tonino: No, it was an American match. At the tip there is sulphur, so a fingernail is enough to light it.

Federica: I see. It seemed to me that the match lit itself, even if you see that he's holding something, without seeing the match, as a child I thought it was a magic trick, like Stan from Stanley and Oliver. The other scene is when he has his saddle on his shoulder, he takes out his pistol and with the same hand he manages to hold onto the saddle. This isn't possible...

Tonino: Not possible, why not? It's funny, don't you think? I mean, behind him the saddle creates the illusion of a pair of wings...

Federica: That's true! I noticed that.

Tonino: ...he's an angel, of sorts, that's what we wanted to say, and then we wanted to play with the character of a show-off, so what does he do? He gets rid of the saddle, takes the pistol, he puts it in the holster and gets the saddle again. This can't normally be done, so we filmed it in slow motion. What I mean is, we had Terence do all the movements slowly, then we put in the trick and speeded it up.

Federica: You can see that! I was curious why these scenes were put in the film that is for the most part very realistic.

Tonino: "Very realistic", we should be clear on the expression. Terence Hill is a Peter Pan character, a character than doesn't want to grow up, that is associated with Peter Pan. Which means he's retained his childhood values, from fairy tales. He even says "when I was a boy I used to play Jack Beauregard" It's a fantasy, or a dream. He dreamed all his life of meeting a real hero of the west. Unfortunately by the time he gets there, the west is gone, consigned to history and the last character is leaving, because he's understood that the game is up.
One day, with Terence Hill, we drove to Paris to present the film to the French producers. We were walking along the Champs Élysées and I explained to him the story of Peter Pan because up to then, we hadn't talked about it. What Leone said was "I want that one of Clucher's characters clashes with one of my characters". But he didn't want to clash with Clucher personally, who was a dear friend of his, so he called me to make this film.
With Terence, I didn't have a chance to talk about this before, so when we were in Paris for a few days, he asked me, "Listen, why don't you tell me a bit about my character?", I had this idea to explain to Terence what I wanted to make. "It's simple," I said "Nobody, is a young man who doesn't want to grow up, and not wanting to grow up, he continues to feed his childhood fantasies, only they actually come true for him. The difference is that for him, the fantasies he dreamt as a child, actually come true, and that's all".

Federica: That's very interesting! Another little curiosity that some asked me about is the doll that at one point Nobody plays with.

Tonino: That's the Saracen Joust. It's a thing that exists in Italy, one of the contaminations the Italian western created.

Federica: I'll tell you why I asked that, it's because some people have seen Bud Spencer in that doll.

Tonino: No, absolutely not. In the Challenge of Barletta by Blasetti (see the film "Ettore Fieramosca" by director Alessandrio Blasetti, editor), at a certain point there is a doll to stab, and whomever manages to do that, wins, and if you don't pierce the doll, if you don't get it right, it turns and hits you in the head and you fall down. It's the famous Saracen Joust that is played not only in Puglia, but also in other parts of Italy.
And then there's the little song, "what a beautiful castle...", that is Italian, a children's poem that's told or sung to small children. As you can see, we keep coming back to the childhood fantasies that return in the games of adults.
The most beautiful part of that bit is when Terence Hill hides and calls to Benito Stefanelli, who was the stunt-director, and he goes (mimes the gesture, editor) come here, come here, first he gives him a couple of punches and then he rolls him into a ball and makes him fly over the billiard table which is on the other side. These are games that we loved played, like the story of the little bird. That was a famous joke that we told when I was in school.

Federica: Did you use it all exactly like the original, or was it adapted?

Tonino: No, we used the original as we heard it when we were boys. These are things that Castaldi and I used; he was the scriptwriter. We knew all these stories. We gave them to a new generation, instead of letting them die out with us.

Federica: I was very impressed by the spectacle of the scene in which Jack Beauregard fires on the gang and they explode because they were carrying dynamite. How was that filmed and were the horses supposed to fall down like that?

Tonino: Of course, and there's no trick to it. Clearly there is a way of making a horse go down without hurting the animal, and in my films no horses were ever hurt.

Federica: My compliments on the wonderful results.

Tonino: These scenes came out well, and they still come out well.

Federica: Tell me a bit about the various film locations.

At this point, Tonino Valerii talks ...and I let him...


THE SKY CITY

Among the various places we visited when looking for locations for filming, was a place called Acoma.
This is a town called "The sky city" because it is at an altitude of 11,900 feet, which is about 5000 meters. You get there by passing through the town in America that is richest with uranium, so when you go through, you become radioactive. Pregnant women can't stay there and the men who work there, can only stay for a specific amount of time and then they have to leave.
To get there, there is a narrow road that on one side is mountain and on the other side a precipice. Since we were driving American cars, me too, nothing like a Fiat 500, I drove a big car of a make I can't remember, but it was an enormous car and, truthfully, to get there each time took two hours, and it was very dangerous.
Once we got to Acoma, the first thing I saw was the Catholic church. I went inside and there was this wooden crucifix of such beauty that I was struck dumb. So I called the tribal Chief (Cacique) and I asked him, " Are you Catholic?" - "Yes, we're Catholic" - "And how is it that you're Catholic?" I asked. And he told the story. He was a very educated man, over sixty years old. He explained that Acoma was on the famous Jesuit-trail, which was the trail of the Jesuits who travelled across America. Wherever they went they built churches and converted people. I was completly taken by the story, because this town had remained exactly how it was in the time of the Indians; from the 1600's on, it hadn't changed. There are no doors. You see only blocks without doors, and they enter from the roof and then close the hole to make it a block, and there is only an opening for the smoke. At a certain point, I saw a cemetery and I thought, "How fantastic; this is the cemetery that I was looking for". And the Chief was with me, so I said to him, "We want to film here". "No, you can't film here; it's taboo because these are our ancestors buried here. If you want to go in and look around, okay, but you can't film here" - "Maybe?" I said "No. Do you like this cemetery? Then we'll rebuild it for you" - " No. Do you like this cemetery? Then we'll rebuild it for you" - "Here, next to it". I looked and I saw a drop of 150-200 meters. "But how can you build it?" He says, "Mister director, that's our business!" He actually said that! " Don't you worry. All you have to say is how you want it and what you want changed" - "No, I want it just like this" - "When do you need it?" - "In two months." - "In two months, it will be ready.". I didn't trust him, so I called our production manager Cappellone (we gave him that nickname because when he arrived in America he bought a big cowboy hat), and I said to him, "Look, I don't trust these people. And how are they going to remake the cemetery here?".



RIO PUERCO

We continued to travel around. At a certain point, I was contacted by the director of a municipal department (like we have here for tourism or special events, etc.), who had helped us from the beginning. She was a very kind and helpful woman who advised me to go and look at the region of Rio Puerco.
We looked at the map and realized that to get there we had to drive 5 - 6 hours. So one morning I decided to get up at 4 and go have a look. We left with two cars that the woman gave us to use, and after three and an half hours along a beautiful highway, we found ourselves in the middle of the countryside, without any idea which way to go. We continued like this for an hour and an half, and we were about to turn back because we still couldn't see a thing, when finally we saw something far off. There was a narrow bridge without side rails. It was low, that if you fell off, you would at most break a leg, so we decided to risk the crossing. While I'm crossing I see a sign that sa "maximum one ton", so I get out and go to Cappellone, who was behind us, and I tell him that we can't film here. It was already dangerous to pass with our cars, because an American car is at least a ton, that's about 10 quintals in weight, actually, much more than that, but an electrician's unit that weighs 10 tons and has a wide truck bed would not be able to cross the bridge safely. This guy looks at me with a fed up expression and he says, "Listen, Tonino, do me a favour, you do the directing and let me do the organizing." - "I'll take you at your word." - "Take me at my word". We get there and find a complete western village protected by a fence and a sign that says "Private Property. Warning. Anyone crossing the barbed wire must pay a 500 dollar fine.", But there was nobody there. We called out, but no one answered. So we went past the fence, and we didn't get more than one meter when a crazy guy on a horse arrives with a pump-action Winchester rifle, which he points at us, actually he pointed it right at me... "Halt? Didn't you read the sign?"-"Yes, I read it. I'm sorry. You're right. But we were looking for someone to talk to about making a film here..." - "You can't" - "If we can't, we won't. Can we visit the village?" - "Yes, if it just to look, that's okay".
It was beautiful, but missing only one thing. Do you remember the beginning when Henry Fonda comes out of the hotel and reads the telegram "Sundown will leave on this day"? The hotel wasn't there, and we had to build it but we didn't even know how. Anyway, we decided it was great. We gave a tip to the crazy guy with the gun, and asked him who we had to ask about getting permission to film there. He gave us the name of a lawyer.
We went back to town, another 5 hours travelling. The next morning, after making the request of the law firm to film in the village, and to do some additional construction, they answered that we had to get permission from all the owners of the buildings because every single building was owned by someone different. Four lawyers worked on it and it cost us 10,500 dollars, one in New York, one, I don't know...in all four directions! They were very professional, getting all the permission forms, building by building, one for 300 dollars, another for 200, another for 500, each negotiated separately.


THE HOTEL

We had to build the hotel, so we continued to travel around and we got to a lovely town called Socorro, a famous western town. I saw a beautiful hotel that was still in it's original state. This town is a museum and the hotel was roped off, so you couldn't see inside because it was too dangerous. Gianni Polidori was with me, the set designer, and I said to him, "Gianni, that hotel that we talked about, I want it like this one". He said, "Okay. Let's take photos..." "No, wait. I'll show you what we'll do". I went to the tobacconist and I said, "Do you have post cards? Is there one of the hotel?" "Yes, here it is!" And then I went back to Gianni, "Gianni, here's the photo. You have to make this!"
To build it, we hired an army of workers who looked like they came from, I don't know where, with long hair and moustaches, drug-addicts, drunkards. Looking at them, I though that they would never be able to finish building it. But instead, once they got started, it was an amazing thing. I've never seen a group of workers on a film set work with such dedication. All you had to do was ask for something, and they did it to perfection. They made the hotel, as we all saw, and it was perfect!


ACTION, WELL, NOT QUITE...

Finally, the first day of shooting the film arrived. Sergio Leone sent me a beautiful telegram, "I'm sure you'll make a beautiful film" And we were off. In the morning, after 5 hours in the car, we got there. Henry Fonda was already made up, and we had made a barber shop with a net: that was thanks to our wonderful set designer. It was really just a ruin, and he didn't do anything very complicated, but took an old fishing net that he found, extended it and it was the most beautiful thing I've ever seen done by a set designer. Otherwise there was nothing, and we added a chair and the other things.
As I said, it was the first day, so I checked everything, and I started having them light the set, and I explain to the camera operator where to put the camera and what he needed to do. When it was ready, the camera operator said, "We're ready". "Call Mr. Fonda". Mr. Fonda arrived and I said, "Lights", and everyone looked around... "Who's he talking to?" "The electricians group never got here". "Don't say stupid things. The group never arrived? The group arrives everywhere. We all knew we were starting today. The group should have been here already". As I was talking, I was looking at Cappellone and he was looking around. We had started out at 4 in the morning and arrived around 10. I said, "What are we going to do? Do we want to film a few takes at least, so we can say we started?" I look at Cappellone and Cappellone says, "They're not coming". "What do you mean, They're not coming? You told me to mind my own business, well, I am minding my business, and you should mind yours or you're an idiot. Do you know who's here?" We were 47 people from Rome, the crew, with the actor, with the American. The Chief electrician was an American. "We can't look this ridiculous. The Italians arrive and they can't film on the first day because the electricians group couldn't get through. Go get the car and see where the group is", I ordered. He came back a few hours later, and it was already noon. He was as pale as a cadaver, and he said, "They can't get over the bridge". "This isn't possible," I said. "What do you mean they can't get over the bridge. You told me to mind my own business, which I did, and now they can't get over the bridge. So you really are incompetent. The moment I get back to the hotel, I'm calling Sergio Leone and I'm going to tell him to send me another guy". "No. No, please. Don't do that to me". "Let's go!"
What could we do? By now the hotel was built, and it cost a lot of money, so the location was that one, and we couldn't start over someplace else. Do you know how it ended? The American military built a bridge. We had to wait 10 days, and do you know how much this cost Mr. Leone, who was the producer? With the value back then, it cost 185,000. dollars. One dollar, I'll never forget, was 690 to the lira, at the time.

THE CEMETERY

Meanwhile, the construction of the cemetery was going ahead. I sent someone every now and then to check on it, and they told me they were putting in enormous diagonal supports, topped by big beams. Of course they constructed it over the ravine, to create a platform, with the construction workers hanging there from cables!
The day arrived when we had to film in Acoma. We arrived and the real cemetery went to here, and next to it began the fake one, above the precipice. I went around to see how it was supported and there were these big heavy wooden beams, on a diagonal, that is, all on a transverse line. I'm not sure how to explain it, but there was the cemetery. So I said to the tribal Chief, "We have to get a camera and an entire film crew on this". "Don't you trust it?" "I don't know. Has it been tested?" I asked him. "We don't need any test; we can assure you that it will hold". "I'm sorry, but if it's not tested by an engineer, who says it I can hold at least 40 people..." "How many people have to get on it?" "40". He started talking in his Indian language and soon over 100 people arrived. That's practically everyone from their Indian village. They all got on the cemetery and then he had them all jump up and down together. To tell you the truth, it didn't move at all. "Amazing. This, for me, is a good test", I thought, and we filmed there for a day and an half or a few days.
The Indians that you see in the film, are the actual inhabitants of that village, and the costumes that they wear are costumes they took from their chests, which were the costumes of their grandparents and parents, original costumes from the time in which the film was set.

Federica: For my last question, I've saved what interests me the most. I've always thought that My Name is Nobody had all the ingredients of a story that would have a sequel...

Tonino: You're right. In fact, I have a script in a drawer, but as you know, there's a big difference between saying something and actually doing it!

With the interview over, we went into the cinema where we watched the films "A Reason to Live and to Die", with Bud Spencer, and "My Name is Nobody"..
After which, the meeting began. Below I've transcribed some of the more interesting bits:

IN THE CINEMA

A meeting arranged and paid for by the University of Pisa's course in Cinema, Music and Theatre.
Held at the Cineclub Arsenale di Pisa.
The Interviewer is Professor Piermarco De Santi, professor with the University of Pisa's History of Italian Cinema program.

PRESENTATION

"Tonino Valerii is a graduate of direction from the Centre for Cinema Experimentation (Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia). After graduation, he worked as an assistant director for many directors: Camillo Mastrocinque (director of many of Totò's films), Alessandro Blasetti and with Sergio Leone, who he helped make "For a Fistful of Dollars". Then he debuted in '66 with "Taste for Killing" (Per il gusto di uccidere), which means his debut was in the western genre. In '67 he directed one of his most famous films, "Days of Wrath" (I giorni dell'ira). In '69 he directed "The Price of Power" (Il prezzo del potere), and later many police films like "My Dear Killer" (Mio caro assassino) and "Go Gorilla Go" (Vai Gorilla), from the mid-seventies. Let's not forget the two films we just watched which are "A Reason to Live, a Reason to Die" (Una ragione per vivere e una per morire) and "My Name is Nobody" (Il mio nome è Nessuno). He's also been a screenwriter, helping write many films, besides his own, but in fact he was writer on many of his own films and scripted the dialogues. Later he worked quite a bit in television with the RAI and he's written a book, "Being an Assistant-Director in Film and TV" (Fare l'aiutoregista nel cinema e nella tv), which serves as a guide for young, aspiring directors, on which many new directors have relied".

PROFESSOR DE SANTI'S INTRODUCTION

I'm very happy that the students in the Cinema, Music and Theatre program are involved in these initiatives that permit them to know that part of Italian and international cinema that in other ways they would never be able to get close to but especially to compare and to know the artists who are offering us their great cooperation and who help us therefore to aide in the recognition and the recalling Italian cinema which would otherwise, well, who knows, with all the talk in books about the history of cinema, today no one seems to know anything. These films that we are showing are from around the seventies, and therefore if you think about our students, especially those in their first year, were born in 1980-81, clearly they've never seen these films. Therefore I'm very grateful to Tonino Valerii who is here with us today, and the students may not know, but Tonino Valerii, besides being a major genre auteur, of mainly the Italian and non-Italian western, and police cinema, is a very cultured man, cultured in the figurative sense, but mainly in the sense of the culture of cinema. He has a profound and unique ability to frame and to direct a scene, which was developed while making genre films, in this case, the Italian western, leading him to, let's say, find innovative solutions to directing, narrating and dramatic problems. In his day, when this film was released, My Name is Nobody, it enjoyed, as you know, great public success. Some critics noted, honestly, how should I say this, this surgical work from the inside of the genre, as if to get at the destruction of the classic myth of the western. Others, instead, didn't understand a thing, and from their haughty and arrogant position preferred to say nothing, or to actually ignore this type of cinema that today is instead rightly valued and studied with great attention. Just look beyond the great character of the director and auteur Tonino Valerii, and run down the credits of this film, and you'll see that working on this project were the top of the so-called great Italian cinema. The editor was Nino Baragli. Music by Ennio Morricone. Writers and scriptwriters of top class. The Director of Photography, well, let's just say that this film,, directed by Tonino Valerii, took advantage of the great talent that at that time was working with Fellini, with Sergio Leone, with Visconti, etc... Therefore they bring to this genre a noteworthy contribution of a high artistic level, and we are in the workshop of a great artisan of the cinema. The culture, obviously, of the film emerges also from the many directorial solutions, let's say, in the setting up of a scene, and within this film we have an homage to cinema. There is the homage to Chaplin, and there are a series of moments that refer to the western film which act as a 'demythification' of the genre. There is the reference, for example, to the famous gag of Chaplin's when he eats the child's food, and here Terence Hill eats the apple, but the situation is comparable. There is even an intelligent bit which works as a refinement of the soundtrack of the western film, also experimented with by Sergio Leone, of course, and by Ennio Morricone. The soundtrack of this film is known throughout the world, but besides this, there are many self-references, when Morricone uses an occasional self-reference, which recall, especially in the moment of the duel, the sounds of the trills in the film The Good, The Bad and the Ugly, and so on. Then, for example, that wonderful piece from the charge with the insertion of the electronic keys, a bit ironical, a bit grotesque, from the Charge of the Vacherie, the famous Wagnerian passage, which plays a role in the asymmetry. Generally the Charge of the Vacherie recalls the Wagnerian myth, recalling something from another era and in this case it is applied to a group of misfits which is decontextualized, and a perfect example of asymmetry. All this is just to tell you, to underline the fact that, these attitudes of self-importance and haughtiness by the critics should be left behind. I want to say that, for example, if you were to present Tonino Valerii tonight, based on the classic criticisms, then you would find nothing, because there was this attitude that defended the so-called cinema of the auteur, as if this type of cinema didn't have an Auteur behind it. They always made the distinction between the auteur with a capital "a", and the auteur of, let's say, the films that were block-busters or for mass-market consumption. So, students, you should take all of that with a grain of salt, as it's a bunch of rubbish, linked to the academies, to the rhetoric of the universities, to all these pompous fools who are no longer around. We must look at the data, to look at the films, and not take anything for granted, watching the films, studying them, watching with a critical eye and then expressing our own opinion. We must not do as pseudo-intellectuals do, who having not even seen a film, write a few lines disposing of the issue. Do you think that Henry Fonda was an actor so unaware or, let's say, out of his head to, once having read the script or met Tonino Valerii, to have accepted to make a film of this type just because, who knows, he needed the money? Henry Fonda understood very well, having been one of the great stars of the classic western, that this film was a film that broke the mould, that it was a film that had originality, that took the genre in a different direction, that moved the goalposts and surprised people out of the ordinary. If Henry Fonda was not deceived, I don't see why we have to be either.

Professor: One extraordinary solution is linked to the moment of the shoot-out, which usually in the western genre last 5 to 6 minutes. There is this gunfire and the fall of the horses, rifle fire, a shoot-out, etc. that is shown with a special effect as a fixed image, in a photo album, as if to put the character, to quote from the film, "fixed in history". It is fixed in the illustration in the western era. This is for me a brilliant solution, using the setup of the scene. Was it in the film from the beginning, already in the script?

Tonino: Yes, it was all in the script. The only thing not in the script was the scene in the "public urinal", which was added by Sergio Leone.

Professor: The music of Morricone plays a fundamental role?

Tonino: Of course, just as in all of Leone's films. Morricone's music is like a beautiful suit dressed around a slight person. For example, when we saw the first showing of For a Few Dollars More, we realized that with the music, it had changed completely.

Professor: This could be just a coincidence, but in the cemetery, when the dead are named, there is also a certain Sam Peckinpah, who is a director. Was this just by chance? Or is it a joke like, "okay, let's kill off Sam Peckinpah?"

Tonino: No. Absolutely, no. It happened like this, writing the scene, Castaldi and I couldn't think of an American name that we liked so he said, "it should be something like Sam Peckinpah, that sounds good", and we wrote it down like that, thinking we would come up with something else later. When Sergio Leone read that scene, he said, "No, leave it like that because you'll see that some journalist will notice and write about it". It was done in a provocative way.

Professor: He is a great director of American cinema.

Tonino: He's the director of "The Wild Bunch".

Professor: It's only right that we mention "The Wild Bunch".

Tonino: But it wasn't done to condemn him, or in any way to malign him, but solely because Leone thought "You'll see that they'll find things to say and talk about".

Professor: How long did you take to film the movie?

Tonino: We filmed 9 weeks in America, 5 in Spain and 3 in Italy. In America be did all the externals, of course; the part with the fake duel between Nobody and Henry Fonda on Royal Street is the street where jazz was born. In Spain we filmed Nobody eating the child's apple, and there was the whole outdoor festival and the interior of the saloon where Sergio filmed the drinking duel. I made the work schedule for that, and just to let you know, in my plan there were 2 days, and in the producer's plan there were 9 days.

Professor: Where did the idea for the character Nobody come from?

Tonino: The principle source is literature: the child who doesn't want to grow up, Peter Pan. This is high literature, not low literature; it is important literature, this boy who doesn't want to grow and who wants to realize his childhood dreams, who played at being Jack Beauregard, as he says in one line, who wants to see Jack Beauregard become real from his fantasy. This is the truth, and the rest as just situations that were more or less made up.

Professor: Did you use any special tricks in making the scenes?

Tonino: The tricks are pretty basic, like each time Terence moves very fast, they were speeded up, otherwise it wouldn't have been possible. He actually moved slower than normal. He could have done them faster, but I had him do them slower so we could speed them up without making them look like a puppet (silly, editor). When he slaps poor Marc Mazza, this is a story to tell, the poor man, he was recently operated on his ear which had become completely deaf. It seems that they had to restore his inner ear so his balance was effected. For a while, until it was healed, he got very dizzy. Every time Terence slapped him, he would fall down. He had to struggle to do it right, and I'm grateful to him to this day, really. To make that bit of cinema, we had God's help. And Jean Martin (who played Sullivan, editor), the famous star of The Battle of Algiers, a big star, who was cast as the snob, when he walked onto the set, that was really a beautiful moment. He came to work, and when I met him I said, "I'm embarrassed to even tell you anything" He said, "No. No". He really put himself at the service of the whole project.

At the end of the memorable evening, Tonino Valerii said good-bye, and revealed a project he is currently working on.

My relationship with cinema is a conflicted one, at times. With Sergio, there was and continues to be a brotherly friendship, but there was a small spat, which I believe was not his fault. I am currently writing a book that is called Dear Sergio where I relate everything that happened between Sergio Leone and me. I've already 64 draft pages and I'm at that point and it is very painful to write. But I have to write it because everyone has said to me, "No, you have to write it, not just for your relationship with Sergio Leone, but because you have to make things clear". It's a year that I've been trying to write it, but his arm of mine just doesn't want to obey me Now, after having spoken to a trusted friend, an elderly man who is 73 years old, a great screenwriter, who said to me, "Tonino, you have to write it", now I'm ready to write it. I hope to finish it before the end of the year. Greemese (the publisher, editor) is waiting for it, so I can promise you that the book will be published.

Nobody on the wall of the cemetery "on the platform"


Nobody saying to Jack Beauregard: "you'll do it, you'll see that you'll do it"


Nobody steals an apple from a child: a nod to Charlie Chaplin


Nobody slaps poor Marco Mazza who was still recovering from surgery


The falling horses


The duel on Royal Street
Back

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Edocle le Dim 19 Mai - 14:22



Dernière édition par Edocle le Dim 19 Mai - 23:22, édité 1 fois

Edocle
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 19 Mai - 19:58



Sogettone original de 1973 (vu l'étiquette dorée Titanus collée en haut), on trouvait aussi celui avec Fonda/Beauregard (veste verte), mais quand ils ne sont pas en excellent état, ces matériels d'exploitation peuvent être très décevant.... (pliures, déchirures, couleurs délavées, ôtant tout charme à l'image)

Source : ebay.it

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 19 Mai - 21:10

Sur Mon Nom est Personne et l'oeuvre de Valerii en général :




(2008)




C'est dans cette plaquette qu'est reproduite l'article Il vero e il falso, version du tournage de Mon Nom est Personne selon son réalisateur, Tonino Valerii.





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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Edocle le Dim 19 Mai - 23:25

Du bonheur pour les admirateurs de Terence Hill...
Si vous êtes "people" allez voir ICI
Information gratuite, je suis tombé là-dessus par hasard et entre nous, je m'en balance mais
comme je sais que certains sont intéressés par Terence Hill


Dernière édition par Edocle le Lun 20 Mai - 11:36, édité 2 fois

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Lun 20 Mai - 6:40



Un autre sogettone, image de très grand format. Difficile à reproduire, à la verticale et sans reflets, peut-être un jour ?

L'exploitant collait l'étiquette dorée là où bon lui semblait, mais ici le vide au premier plan est conçu pour cela. On trouve aussi ces matériels sans étiquette, qui n'ont pas dû être affichés.

Source: ebay.it

http://www.ebay.it/itm/TERENCE-HILL-IL-MIO-NOME-E-NESSUNO-SOGGETTONE-ORIGINALE-1-EDIZIONE-1973-RARO-/190827801467?pt=Film_Stranieri&hash=item2c6e392b7b

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Edocle le Lun 20 Mai - 11:30

Citation du site du Nouvel Observateur:
" Au cours des années 70, la dimension épique du western italien se confond avec un horizon de farce où la trivialité le dispute parfois à la plus grande vulgarité. C'est le temps du "western-fayot", dont "Mon Nom est personne" (avec peut-être "Un génie, deux associés, une cloche") est le chef-d'oeuvre indiscutable. La mise en scène est ébouriffante de malice, Terrence Hill rayonne et les gags les plus navrants n'empêchent jamais le film d'atteindre à une démesure d'épopée à la Leone. "
Par Vincent Malausa
Chroniqueur cinéma

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  joyan le Lun 20 Mai - 16:32

Lundi 20 Mai 2013 France 2, le film passe.
En ce moment 16h32, arrive la scène de la pisse... Wink

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 2 Juin - 20:33

"Aujourd'hui 2 juin 2013", il y a 40 ans que commençait à Cabezon (Nouveau-Mexique) le tournage de Mon Nom est Personne -le 28 mai 1973 pour être exact- :



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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Dim 23 Juin - 19:56

Le tournage du film, sur les archives de l'Unita ( vendredi 15 juin 1973) mises en ligne , ici :

[url=http://archiviostorico.unita.it/cgi-bin/highlightPdf.cgi?t=ebook&file=/archivio/uni_1973_06/19730615_0007.pdf&query=terence hill]http://archiviostorico.unita.it/cgi-bin/highlightPdf.cgi?t=ebook&file=/archivio/uni_1973_06/19730615_0007.pdf&query=terence%20hill[/url]

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Mar 13 Aoû - 13:02

L'été ce sont les vacances Wink  et entre deux bains, j'ai pu profiter d'un lecteur BR mis à disposition quelque part au soleil....

Donc, deux fois visionné Mon Nom est Personne , BR StudioCanal .

Je n'avais jamais aussi bien revu le film , sauf en salles évidemment.

Et j'ai donc redécouvert d'un oeil plus serré quelques images et séquences .... dont celle ci, qui m'a sauté aux yeux.



En bon lecteur d'Eisentein, Valerii sait que la composition plastique d'une image est fondementale, comme de penser le fixe dans le mouvant au sein de la continuité filmique.

Donc le personnage en noir et l'écran sombre au dessus isolent Fonda dans la profondeur de champ (écrasée sur la capture DVD et remise en valeur par l'apport HD) et le font ressortir, par contraste.

Dans un contre-champ (je passerai la capture plus tard), de mêmes rectangles sombres redécoupent l'écran, cette fois à droite de Fonda, vu de dos, assurant une forme de continuité par rime plastique d'une image à l'autre : le raccord de continuité n'est pas qu'une question de vraisemblance chronologique.

Ceux que ce genre de problème cinématographique intéresse peuvent se référer, entre autres, au recueil de textes d'Eisenstein, Cinématisme, une belle leçon de montage et qui donne beaucoup à réfléchir sur le cinéma de Sergio Leone et le western italien en général... (un art du cadre et du montage).

Réédité ici -je ne connais que l'édition trentenaire, épuisée :

http://www.lespressesdureel.com/ouvrage.php?id=1133

JO
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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Horace Pinker le Mar 20 Aoû - 20:09


Document de ma collection Wink

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  JO le Ven 13 Sep - 22:26



(Source: ebay)

Le poster Mon Nom est Personne, publié par Tintin en avril 1974 (il reprend l'affiche éditée sur le synopsis grand format original du film), avec au dos, l'histoire du film en 15 photos noir et blanc, raconté d'après le synopsis.

Dans mes cartons, comme le synopsis,  mais impossibles à bien reproduire pour le moment. Un jour, peut- être.... Wink ici :

http://monnomestpersonne1973.blogspot.com/

JO
Sergio Leone

Messages : 4205
Date d'inscription : 10/05/2010

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Re: Mon nom est Personne - Il mio nome e nessuno - 1973 - Tonino Valerii

Message  Contenu sponsorisé Aujourd'hui à 20:14


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